Monday, September 15, 2014

How to protect your privacy in the text editor called Atom

The problem

Atom is a very nice text editor for OS X, but it comes preinstalled with a package called Metrics. By default that package reports usage information to Google Analytics including a unique identifier that is generated by computing the SHA-1 hash of the machine's MAC address. I am sure there are people who don't like that. For example one could get the Mac's mac address by using rainbow tables.
Well, the information that is being reported to Google Analytics is well documented on the Atom's FAQ and github, but the instructions how to disable it are pretty spartanic IMHO: "If you do not want this information reported, disable this package from the Metrics section of the Settings view".

The solution

This graphical note should help you to disable the Metrics package in Atom in order to prevent sending usage information to Google Analytics.

Friday, January 31, 2014

Your TV does not recognize your external USB hard disk drive anymore and how to fix it

The problem

Recently my Samsung TV didn't recognize my external USB hard disk drive anymore. That was a really bad feeling since I recorded some interesting videos on it actually. The TV suggested to format the disk when I was trying to start the recording. Since I have set the user language of my TV to German, I got the error message called "Angeschl. USB evtl. nicht für Aufnahmefunktion geeignet! Mögchten Sie das Gerät formatieren?"

Well, formatting the disk was an option at all, because I didn't want to loose those videos.

The solution

I knew that the disk was formatted by the TV with a non-standard file system, and I was wondering whether I could fix the issue by using Linux. I did and I have created the following instructions, because the issue happened to me the 2nd time already and if you read this, you have a similar problem with your TV/hard disk drive right now, probably.  Here we go, this is my recipe ...

1. Start Linux

If you don't have Linux installed on your computer, download a live CD/DVD from the web, burn it and boot from it. Alternatively setup Linux on an USB pendrive and boot from there. In my case, I was using Ubuntu 12.04 since that is one of my preferred Linux systems, but any modern GNU/Linux system should do the trick as well. You can download Ubuntu from Nonetheless, please take into account that the following instructions have been tested on Ubuntu 12.04 only and dependent on your actual problem/environment, the instructions below have to be modified probably in order to meet your actual needs.

2. Open a terminal

Shortcut on Ubuntu: Ctrl+Alt+T

3. Disable the automounter

In worst case, the automounter could try to mount a corrupt file system and it could crash the Linux kernel. Therefore at first please disable the automounter by running gsettings under the normal user:

$ gsettings set automount 'false'
$ gsettings set automount-open 'false'

4. Attach the USB disk to your computer

If your computer crashes, you didn't follow my instructions, go to step 2 ;-)


5. Identify both the device and the filesystem

I use gparted since it is the most comfortable graphical way to get an overview on the disks that have been attached. gparted is part of the Live CD, but it is not installed by default. If you don't have it, install it by typing

$ sudo apt-get install gparted

Start gparted by typing

$ sudo gparted

In my case, the external disk is /dev/sdb and it has one partition called /dev/sdb1. It has been formatted by the televison set with the xfs filesystem:

Close gparted again.

6. Install the xfs packages if not done yet

$ sudo apt-get install xfsprogs
$ sudo apt-get install xfsdump

7. Perform a xfs_check

$ sudo xfs_check /dev/sdb1
ERROR: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which needs to
be replayed.  Mount the filesystem to replay the log, and unmount it before
re-running xfs_check.  If you are unable to mount the filesystem, then use
the xfs_repair -L option to destroy the log and attempt a repair.
Note that destroying the log may cause corruption -- please attempt a mount
of the filesystem before doing this.

Since we cannot mount the file system, we have to execute the xfs_repair program.

8. Execute xfs_repair

$ sudo xfs_repair -L /dev/sdb1
Phase 1 - find and verify superblock...
Phase 2 - using internal log
        - zero log...
ALERT: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which is being
destroyed because the -L option was used.
        - scan filesystem freespace and inode maps...
        - found root inode chunk
Phase 3 - for each AG...
        - scan and clear agi unlinked lists...
        - process known inodes and perform inode discovery...
        - agno = 0
        - agno = 1
        - agno = 2
        - agno = 3
        - process newly discovered inodes...
Phase 4 - check for duplicate blocks...
        - setting up duplicate extent list...
        - check for inodes claiming duplicate blocks...
        - agno = 0
        - agno = 3
        - agno = 2
        - agno = 1
Phase 5 - rebuild AG headers and trees...
        - reset superblock...
Phase 6 - check inode connectivity...
        - resetting contents of realtime bitmap and summary inodes
        - traversing filesystem ...
        - traversal finished ...
        - moving disconnected inodes to lost+found ...
Phase 7 - verify and correct link counts...

9. Perform an xfs_check again

$ sudo xfs_check /dev/sdb1

No errors anymore :-)

10. Enable the automounter again

$ gsettings set automount 'true'
$ gsettings set automount-open 'true'

11. Disconnect the disk by unplugging the USB-disk from the computer

The file system wasn't mounted yet, so it is ok to disconnect the disk by unplugging the cable.

12. Connect the disk by plugging the USB-disk to the computer

The automounter has been enabled again, you should see the disk icon on your desktop.

13. Check whether files are there

$ ls /media/*-*/CONTENTS/*.srf | wc -l

Bingo. In my case the filenames of the videos are stored with suffix .srf, that could be different in your case. The wc command counts the lines that the ls command produces, in other words there are 41 videos on that partition.

14. Unmount the disk again

Since it has been mounted, unmount the disk from your computer by selecting the "savely remove" on the popup menu from the disk icon.

15. Disconnect the disk by unplugging the USB-disk from the computer

Make sure that you have unmounted the disk (see step 13) before unplugging the disk.

16. Connect the disk again to your TV

If all went well, your TV should recognize the USB hard disk drive again and you can continue watching your recorded videos :-)